Legionella outbreak detected in Madrid in recent days relocates the current legionellosis. Also known as Legionnaires disease, is a respiratory infection acute caused in most cases by the bacteria Legionella pneumophila. Actually, the disease has two different manifestations:
- Said Legionnaire’s Disease: is the name given to the best known and severe infection, resulting in severe pneumonia way.
- Pontiac Fever: is a much milder disease.
Legionnaires ‘ disease is a relatively new disease whose knowledge came in 1976 when an outbreak of pneumonia was detected at a convention of Legionnaires at a hotel in Philadelphia. Currently, many pulmonologists legionella qualify as an emerging disease, as the number of outbreaks is increasing every year, mainly due to the relationship that has this bacteria with the development of new technologies and modern facilities heat control.
Legionella is widespread nature and its natural habitat is water. To be able to live and grow needs the existence of moisture and heat. If you find the right conditions such as temperature, stagnation or maintenance of certain facilities, can develop very fast.
The most sensitive areas are the water pipes, cooling towers, and air conditioning equipment. For this reason, the risk increases in the summer months, which is the time when more legionella outbreaks occur.
Most infections affect adults middle – aged and elderly. People with diseases like kidney failure, diabetes, cancer or lung disease are at an increased risk. Children have little risk of contracting the disease, and when it occurs it is usually less severe. Legionnaires ‘ disease is not transmitted from person to person, but through the air.
You may also like to read : How To Win Multivitamins To Overcome Your Exams
Despite the care received in the media, it is a disease with a low incidence. It usually appears as an asylum case, with no outbreak present. That does not mean that you have to pay attention because it is a life-threatening disease. In fact, the mortality rate ranges between 5% and 30%.
The early detection is critical because if the disease is treated before within 48 hours, the mortality rate does not reach 6%. Otherwise, the percentage is multiplied by 5%.
The incubation period of the disease is of 2 to 10 days. The first symptoms may seem to resemble those of a cold, but most often continue to worsen for the first 4 to 6 days. Usually, as long as there is no worsening or involvement of other organs, symptoms begin to improve in the next 4 or 5 days.
The main symptoms of Legionnaires ‘ disease are:
• Chest pain
• Coughing up blood
• gastrointestinal, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain symptoms
• general discomfort, uneasiness, or ill
• Joint pain
• Lack of coordination
• Loss of energy
• Stiffness and pain muscle
• Cough nonproductive
• shaking chills
• Shortness of breath