The Rosacea is an inflammatory disease of the skin quite common that affects mostly white – skinned people. It is estimated that there are 45 million people in the world with this ailment. In countries like Great Britain has a great incidence among the population, to the point that is denominated “the curse of the Celts”.
Although it affects both sexes, the incidence is three times higher among women . It appears between 20 and 60 years and can co-exist with other skin problems such as acne vulgaris or seborrheic dermatitis.
In one rosacea occurs inflammation of the pilosebaceous units of the face which results in the appearance of pimples . One also occurs overreaction of the capillaries of the skin , which can be seen in a few dilated vessels continued especially in the cheeks and a clear tendency to redness in certain situations.
This own redness of rosacea increases with alcohol, spicy foods and hot or temperature changes.
This condition is a chronic dermatitis that begins with a redness or erythema in the central part of the face or nose, cheeks, forehead and even, although less common, in the neck and chest. As it evolves, others appear typical symptoms like dilation of superficial blood vessels of the face (telangiectasia), pimples, redness, pustules, burning, burning and itching and develop as a semi-permanent erythema.
Given that it is a disease that still has no cure, treatment is aimed at trying to control symptoms (though not always possible) and the skin is not significantly affected. Rosacea has a rather unpredictable evolution, so that it can improve and then get worse again, and usually lasts for many years. Of course, treatment is essential so that there is no worsening of symptoms.
When treating rosacea, the first thing to do is avoid the factors causing redness of the cheeks . Thus, it is important to avoid abrupt changes in temperature and prolonged exposure to the sun.
As for the treatment of inflammatory lesions (grains) they are used topical antibiotics in mild cases, or in combination with oral antibiotics or isotretinoin in severe cases.
For the redness of the cheeks are used 2 or 3 laser sessions . After this treatment, it is very important to avoid exposure to heat and sudden changes in temperature so that the dilated vessels do not appear again.